Practice Test

1) One of the most important reforms in National Politics has been the abolition of the post of state Minister in the various department.
Each of the following, if true, would strengthens the above argument, except

2) Before the arrival of new trainer, the sales output in AMS learning System Ltd. Had been rising by 20% per year on the average over the past ten years. However, after new training innovations by the trainer ( which included computerization of training processes and reduction in the need for additional work force) annual sales output has only risen by 10% this year. It appears that Joe's innovation have caused the reduction in the annual growth rate.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

3) In the past, to run for one's country in the Asiad was the ultimate achievement of any athlete. Now days, an athlete's motives are more and more influenced by financial gain, and consequently, we do see our best athletes in the Asiad, which is still only for amateurs.
Which of the following will most weaken the above conclusion?

4) In these times of growing economic turbulence, unless new reserves are found soon. the world's supply of natural gases is being depleted in such a way that with demand continuing to grow at the present rates, reserves will be exhausted by the year 2200 AD.
Which of the following, if true, will most weaken the above arguments?

5) In the accordance with their powers, many zilla panchayats are introducing chlorination of the drinking water provided to families through the water supply system. This follow the conclusion of 10 years of research that the process ensures that children and adults receive the required intake of fluoride that will strengthen teeth. The maximum level has been set at one part per million. However, there are many who object, claiming that chlorination removes freedom of choice.
Which of the following will weaken the claim of the proponents of chlorination?

6) In response to criticism about the method used by his poll predicting agency., a leading psephologiust Mannoy Toy, replied: " I realize there are some short comings to question the naire method that we have applied to do the survey. However, since we have ensured that we send a copy of the question naire to every home in each of the constituency where we have carried out our survey, we believe the result to be quite representative. We think the numbers received are so long that it overcomes the lack of scientific approach that might have crept into our survey.
The writer of the above statement makes which of the following assumptions?

7) A recent survey by a leading NGO came to the following conclusion about the donor psychology:
If you are interested in getting a good donation, you need to realize that donors are almost never distributed by being asked for too much. In fact, the results is the opposite- they are flattered. Besides, If you ask for too much, the donor can always suggest a smaller amount. On the other hand, If you ask for too little, the donor is usually offended, A common reaction to being asked too little is " so that's all he thinks I' m worth".
The above statement assumes that

8) New age problem require new age solution. Further new age problems arise with new age populations and new age technologies. In order to find solution to these problems we need to build new age institutions as well as new age political, economic and social mechanisms. Yet institutions and political and economic mechanism grow slowly and die slowly. Hence, new age institution should be given every chance of trying to achieve success in the objectives.
The arguments above rests on which of the following assumptions:

9) In its quest to go globe, once an Indian company has established an extensive sales network ion foreign market and therefore, has achieved substantial sales, it seems that these markets should be treated in very similar fashions to those in India. It is therefore only in those countries where only initial sales networks have been developed, where marketing methods will have to differ from the methods applied in India.
The above statement assumes that:

10) The main monetary policy objective is to reduce substantially, the import surplus of the coming years while resuming economic growth. Realisation of this goal entails a marked structural change of the economy, which can be brought about by freezing the standard of living (per capita private consumption plus public services) and restricting investment that do not further exports.
The writer of the above policy assumes that:

11) The reason that are most commonly quoted for nationalization of foreign companies is a change in governance. Nationalization tends to cover a wide range of industries ans is not selective to the country of ownership of the foreign company.
The above statement assumes that:

12) A pill that can induce abortions in pregnant women has become available in Australia. The drug Antiperphrine, has proved more than 98.9% effective in tests conducted by a scientific team in Sydney. The drug is an anti hormone and disrupts pregnancy the implantation poof a fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus. In Australia, the pill will be available to women who are up-to 42 days late in their menstrual cycle. The company that manufactures the pill, state however, that the pill is not a " morning after" pill for uses as a contraceptive.
Which of the following statement can be correctly deducted from the text above?

13) One of the most important measures of a country's trading strength is the measurement of its net export. Net exports are defined as export less imports. It is important since the figure measures the net effect of a nation's trade in goods and services vis-a vis the world. In 1998, the country's net export were 7 percent of its GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and in 2005, they were 14 percent.
If the information above is accurate, which of the following must be true?

14) About 40 percent of urban Indian husbands think it is a good idea for wives with school age children to work outside the home. Only about ten percent of rural Indian husbands approve the same. Every second urban Indian wives, and one in four Indian wives the school age children has thew job outside the home.
If the information above is correct, which of the following can be inferred?

15) Paro overslept. Therefore she was late for school by the time she got ready. Hence, she did not eat her breakfast. As she realized that she was late for her school bus, she ran as fast as she could from her home to the bus stop and did not seen the banana skin that was lying in the ground in her path. She slipped on the banana skin and fractured her leg. Some passerby took her to the hospital while lying in the bed she was visited by her friend Dhanno, who wanted to know why she had got up so late.
Which of he following conclusion can be made from the above passage?

16) A recent study on medicine addiction found out that there are principally three main factors determined the risk of becoming dependent on or addicted to medicines. The first factor is the type of medicine , the second is personality of the individual, and the third factor is controlled by the circumstances in which the medicine is taken. As a parallel example, we only need to look as far as alcohol. While it could be safely said that the majority of the adult population have taken alcohol, yet only the small proportion of these go on to get addicted to alcohol. Besides, it is well documented that many strong medicines that have been used for medical purposes have not caused the patient to become addicted.
However the study found out the people who took medicines for the hick of it were more likely to become dependent on the same. The dependence need not be restricted to physiology side but may become psychological, although the effects are still essentially the same. People with psychopathic, immature or essentially unstable personalities were shown to be at the greatest of becoming addicted.
Which of the following conclusion can be drawn from the text?

17) An advertisement for a leading racket manufacturer made the following claim.
The last five Wimbledon men's champions have all changed of Head's new tennis rackets- the only racket that uses genuine nano technology in its fame. In that case, isn't now time to add power to your tennis strokes and to trade in your old racket for the Head?
Which of the following claims is not made and cannot be inferred from the above ad?

18) Complete the following paragraph with the most suitable sentences.
In order to boost sales of toys at time other than the peak sale time, toy manufactures take recourse to the use of several techniques. Some of these include promoting character toys from Bollywood and Hollywood movies or TV series. All these set are marketed as " collectibles" for the young consumers. The collection within family of Collectibles, however, never appear to be complete ( especially to the parents) . As soon as the characters are acquired, the child then require the associated gadgets and gizmos that are bundled into collectible set. Thus parents go shopping for the "car" the " home" the "mobile home" and even the "airplane" to ensure the happy homely environment for the toys. Ultimately, just as the elusive final piece of the series is attained, the manufacturer and promoter release the next series of " collectibles"
The prime aim of the manufacturer and promoters is to ensure that

19) Federer's fifth grand slam win prompt a reported to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn't about to proclaim himself the best ever. " The best player of this generation, yes." he said, " But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I'm a minnow."

20) Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolize is not a looming crises at all, but merely one of the many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization's long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten.Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it gas succeeded, and go to its grave having failed.

21) Most firm consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high stakes project and they thus might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So most organization will fall into default mode, setting up project teams of thew people who get along nicely.

22) The audience for crossword and sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are difference, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete it. It touches numerous area of life and provides an 'Aha' or two along the way.

23) Jaya and Devika are both successful women who are also member of a socially disadvantaged section of the society. Jaya has a firm belief in positive discrimination. By positive discrimination she believes that the negative discrimination that society has subjected her section of the society which can only be offset through the reverse discrimination. She believes that if position of economic, social and political eminence, power and honor are offered principally to historically disadvantaged section of society, then these group will begin ti play a more significant role in society today.
Devika, on the other hand, feels that she has succeeded in her chosen field of work on her hard work and on her own merits. She thinks that the principle of positive discrimination is flawed since it will result in the lowering of standards and decreases competition between similarity qualified personnel who will expect to achieve position because of their factors other than rather than their suitability for the particular position.
Which of the following best sum up Jaya's argument?

24) A service oriented company, Bharadwaj Inc, included in his annual balance sheet and profit and loss accounts presented to its shareholder at its AGM, the following note on its policy of accounting.
Fixed assets are stated in the consolidated balance sheet at cost minus accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is provided on all fixed assets, except land. This is done to reflect the true value of the assets. The writing of their cost is done by using the Straight line Method of depreciation over the estimated economically useful lives of the respective assets.
The cost of leasehold improvement, if any, is amortized over the term of remaining numbers of years of the lease in equal annual installments.
Which of the following statement is relevant to , but not consist with, the above accounting policy?

25) A famous judge stated that if murder is a worse crime than blackmail is a worse crime than theft, then murder is a much worse crime then theft.
Which is the correct analysis of the above argument?

26) Roma: The number of accident on the state and national highways this year in the state of Karnataka,where the speed limit was lowered to fifty Kmph an hour two years ago, is clear evidence that speed restriction rigorously enforced, make drives more aware of the dangers of going to fast.
Aamir: Wrong. If take a close look at the records it will show you that the number of accident has been falling ever since the introduction of newer and stricter penalties for traffic rule violation, which happen two years before the lowering of the speed limit.
Which of the following best describe the weak point in Roma's statement upon which Aamir focuses?

27) In India 1990, there were, on an average 14 deaths at birth ( infant mortality) per 1,00,000 population. By 2000 there were 11, and by 2001, 8. Today, there are 5 deaths at birth per 1,00,000 population, and it is anticipated that the downward trend will continue.
Each of the following, if true help accounts for this trend except:

28) Oligopoly is the state where there are many competitors within the single market. The Pepsi company realize that its operations are in competitive industries.
Which of the following conclusion may be inferred from the above?

29) People in South Africa tribe have observed that heavy rains are usually preceded by claps of thunder. They are convinced that the heavy rains are somehow caused by the claps of thunder.
Which of the following, if true, would weaken the tribal, conviction?

30) Professor Krithileshwar Jhamb argued that the method of evaluation for teachers, used at IIM Bangalore where students evaluated the teachers, was not valid measure of teaching quality. Students should fill out the questionnaries at the end of the term when the course have been completed.
Which of the following, if true, provides support for the professor Jhamb's proposal?

31) PM Manmohan Singh lobbied for the inclusion of Indian amongst the set of ASEAN countries. This would help develop and liberalize trade with countries such as japan, China and other prominent members of the ASEAN group.
Each of the following , if true, could account for the above, expect:

32) " If the islanders are doomed to have local self governance- and it is the islanders who have determined this- then they should ready to bear the negative consequences of local self governance said a British colonist as he left the shores of the island he was governing.
Which of the following, if true, would weaken his argument?

33) Amrinder Singh is no big catch for the Tongress Party in Uttam Pradesh. Even though he is the brother of the Chief Minister of the opposing Bhrasthwadi Party, he himself has no political clout and was not even important organizationally for his own party.
Which of the following statement is inconsistent with the above?

34) Stock market analyst Dhirubhai Mehta: " We believe that company's stock will appreciate at 35% a year for the next 10- 12 years. The company just become the leader in its industry and we expect its sale to continue to grow at 8% a year over this period".
Investor: " But how can the stock's price be expected to grow more quickly than the company's underlying sales?"
Which of the following facts would best support the stock analyst?

35) A car magazine report: ' The average mileage in the small car market was found to be 18 Kilometers per liter. The average mileage was calculated by taking cars of all manufacturers in the segment, filling with them with 10 liters of fuel and driving them along the Mumbai-Pune expressway. However, for the Karuti, the mileage was 22 Kilometers per liter. Clearly, If you want to buy a new car, you should buy the Karuti.'
Which of the following assumptions does the magazine make?

36) For the above question, which of the following additional information makes the arguments stronger?
I. Petrol prices have touched the sky, and hence the reader should be primarily interested in saving on fuel costs while purchasing the new car
II. Besides Mileage, Karuti scored the best on 9 out of 10 performance indicators used by the survey.
III. The article is titled - " Your first car"

37) Per- capita income in India last year was Rs 17,600. Real median income for female headed families was Rs 38,000. Therefore, women wage earner are paid more than the national average.
Which of the following would, If true, weaken the above conclusion?

38) The head of the NCAER was quoted as saying that the Consumer Price Index (CL) will go down next month because of a recent drop in the price of petrol and steel.
Which of the following cannot be inferred from the statement?

39) "There has been a high incidence of traffic accident related deaths last year." Hence the chairman of the CBDT suggested that excise taxes on cars and automobiles should not be reduced as planned by the government.
Which of the above statement weakens the argument above?

40) The Incandescent brand fruit juice claims to be the most original fruit juice available on the market today. To prove this claim, the company marketing Incandescent called 10 people and asked them about their thoughts on fruit juice available on the market today. Nine of them stated that they are unequivocally drink Incandescent brand fruit juices on a regular basis because it is closest to the taste of real fruits.
Which of the following would most weaken this argument?

41) Chewing the tobacco has many benefit. However, the primary benefits occur in the area of mental health. The habit originates in a search for contentment. The life expectancy of our people is increased greatly in recent year; it is possible that the relaxation and contentment and enjoyment produced by tobacco chewing has lengthened many lives. Hence, chewing tobacco is very beneficial.
Which of the following, if true, would weaken the above conclusion?

42) Which of the following is true would best support the above argument?

43) Many of the junk food on the market today, doughnuts, burgers and pizza, have less nutrients than the natural foods, which were dominant a decade or two ago. Many nutritionists claim that pizza and doughnuts give less nourishment than natural foods. A spokesman of a leading junk food Company- Pizza House- stated recently that an examination of grade school students show less nutritional deficiency than in their parents' time. Hence, junk foods are not as bad as made out to be.
Which of the following, if true, would tend to strengthen the view of the spokesman?

44) My neighbor, Mr. Kohli's dogs bark and howl every time he them outside. My class teacher told me that dogs tend to bark and howl when they see other dogs eating biscuits sitting in their owners laps. I personally believe they bark and howl because they enjoy disrupting my meditations.
Which of the following can be inferred from the preceding passage?

45) The argument for liberalization which answer the worries of the theft parties about the possible trade deficits created by the opening up of the Indian economy goes thus: 'In today's economic scenario, where there are many trading countries, the trade between two specific countries need not to be balanced. The differing demands of good and service and the differing productive capabilities of he same among different countries will cause a country like India to have a trade deficits with some countries and surpluses with other countries, On the whole, the trade deficits and surpluses will balanced out in the order to give a trade balance'.
Which of the following conclusion best summarizes the argument presented in the passage above?

46) Most citizens are very conscientious about observing the law when they can see the reason behind it. For instance, there has been very little need to actively enforce the recently implemented law that increased the penalty for godmen duping people of their money by playing with their emotions. This is because citizens are very conscientious about duping someone in the name of religion, as it leaves their religious gurus with a bad name. Which of the following statement would the author of this passage be mostly likely to believe?

47) Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, net increases in India direct investments in the Far East ( funds outflow) exceeded net new Far East direct investment in India.
Each of the following. if true, could help the account for this trend except:

48) Inflation can only be fundamentally caused by two factors- Supply side factors and demand side factors. These factor are either reductions in the supply of goods and services or increases in demand due to either the increase availability of money or reallocation of demand. Unless other compensating changes also occur,Inflation is bound to result if either of this occur. In economies prior to the introduction of banks ( a pre banking economy) the quantity of money available, and hence, the level of demand, was equivalent to the quantity of gold available, If the statement above are true, then it is also true that in a pre banking economy

49) Which of the following best completes the argument below?
One effect of the FM radio was a collapse in the market for audio cassettes. Formerly. people had to buy audio cassettes in order to listen to their favorite music, but the evident of FM radio changed all that by 'giving people music on tap'. Similarly, the introduction of crops genetically engineered to be resistant to pests will

50) Most large retail stores of all goods and brands hold discount sales in the month of November. The original idea of price reduction campaigns in November became popular when it was realized that the sales of products would generally slow down following the Diwali rush, were it is not for some incentive. The lack of demand could be solved by the simple solution of reducing prices.
There is now increasing tendency among majors chains of stores across the country to have their' November sales' begin before Diwali. The idea behind this trend is to endeavor to sell the maximum amount of stock at a profit, even if that may not be at the maximum profit.
Which of the following conclusion cannot be drawn from the above?

51) Of the world largest AIDS cases countries in 2010, three had the same share of world AIDS patients as they had in 2000. These three countries may serve as examples of countries that succeeded in holding steady their shares of the AIDS diseases.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously undermine the idea that these countries serve examples as described above?

52) In a famous experiment at the IISC campus, when a cat smelled milk, it salivated. In the experiment, a bell was rung whenever food was placed near the cat. After a number of trials, only the bell was rung, where upon the cat would salivate even though no food was present. Such behavior has been observed in other animals such as dogs, monkeys, etc and is a vital input of training domesticated animals.
Which of the following conclusion may be drawn from the above experiment?

53) At a rally in the Moinul Haque Stadium, candidate Laloo exclaimed: " Nearly everyone at the rally is behind me, It looks like I am going to be elected."
Which of the following statement, if true, best support the above conclusion?

54) Ram is terrible driver. He has had at least five traffic violations in the past year.
Which of the following can said about the above claim?

55) Since the late 1970 s, there has been a dramatic decline in the incidence of traditional childhood diseases such a chicken pox, in India. This decline has been accompanied by an increased incident of scleroid malaria, a hitherto rare viral infection among children. Few adults, however, have been affected by the diseases.
Which of the following, if true, would best help to explain the increased incident of scleroid malaria among children?

56) In using the result of the survey described above, in order to make conclusion about illegal drug use in the teenage population as a whole.
Which of the following, if true, casts more doubt on the relevance of the survey results?

57) Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for concluding from the survey results described above that the use of illegal drugs by results people the age of 20 is declining?

58) The local education authorities in India have recently issued a " prescribed" list of the book that are approved for reading in the school by children aged between 5 and 11.
a furor has arisen among many parents because an authoress by the name of Pooja Mehta, very popular with children, has been omitted from the said list. When asked to comment on the omission, the head of the committee that was responsible for preparing the list of books said that the books of Mr. Pooja Mehta been omitted because " we thought they are of an inferior quality and do not sufficiently stimulate the children's intellectual ability and not because they contain characters which are stereotypes or may show racial prejudice."
Which one of the following statement can be inferred from the above paragraph?

59) All televisions emit sounds. And all radios emit sound. Therefore, I conclude that all television are radios.
The argument above is invalid because

60) In election in a democratic set up, the proper role of the press is to cover only those factors in the campaign which bear on the eventual outcome. Since the outcome is invariably a victory for the candidate of one of the two major parties, the press should not cover the campaign of candidate of minor parties. The above argument relies on which of the following assumption?

61) The daily journey from his home to his office take Shyam on a average fifty five minutes by car. Shyam learns about different route from a neighbor. This route is longer in distance, but will take only take thirty five minute on the average, because it contains stretches of road where it is possible to drive at higher speeds. Shyam's only consideration apart from the time factor, is the cost. He calculate that his car will consume 10% less gasoline if he take the suggested new route. Shyam decided to take the new route for the next two weeks as an experiment.
If the above were the only consideration, which one of the following may have an effect on the decision Shyam has made?

62) The cost of housing in many urban parts of India has become so excessive that many young couples, with above average salaries, can only afford small apartment. EMI and rent commitments are so huge that they cannot consider the possibility of starting a family since a new baby would probably mean either the mother or father giving up the well- paid position- something that they can ill afford. The lack of or great cost of child- care facilities further precludes the return of both parents to work.
Which of the following adjustment could practically be made to the situation describe above which would allow young couples to improve their housing prospects?

63) By the early 1990's, the service sector contributed approximately 20 % percent of India's GDP. Still., no coherent system of rule, principles, and procedures exist to govern the service sector.
Which of the following best summarizes the argument?

64) In 1980, Uttam Pradesh earned Rs 17 million in tourist revenue. By 1990, tourist revenue doubled and in 2000, it reaches the sum of Rs 132 million.
Each of the following, if true, may explain the trend in the tourist revenue except:

65) Following the massive earthquake in Gujarat, buildings rule in Gujarat required all apartment building constructed after 2002 to have earthquake resistant designs.
From which of the following can the statement above be inferred?

66) In 1980, the average per capita telephone consumption in India was one telephone per hundred people. By 2005, the figure became one telephone per 8 people.
Each of the following, if true, could explain this trend except: